Dispositif Pinel - Bice International Network

Dignity and rights of the child
The Permanent Representation of Bice has the responsibility to develop and coordinate Bice's advocacy initiatives with international and European institutions. We work on behalf of and together with our members' and partners' network and in close cooperation with the Regional Delegations which manage Bice's presence in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe-CIS. It ensures a higher visibility to Bice's positions and forward our recommendations to the heart of the UN, its specialised agencies (UNESCO, UNICEF, ILO UNHCR and others), the institutions of the European Union, the Council of Europe, academic circles and other NGOs.

Who are we ?

Bice Permanent Representation to international institutions

The Permanent Representation of Bice is based in Geneva and has the responsibility to develop and coordinate Bice's advocacy initiatives with international and European institutions. Our vocation is to work on behalf of and together with our members' and partners' network and in close cooperation with the Regional Delegations which manage Bice's presence in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe-CIS.

Catching onto the dynamism launched by Bice during the drafting of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Permanent Representation targets its action so that the promotion and the protection of the dignity and the rights of the child become a reality worldwide.

Reinforced by the credibility of the evidence and the information arising from our field projects, the Permanent Representation ensures a higher visibility to Bice's positions and forward our recommendations to the heart of the UN, its specialised agencies (UNESCO, UNICEF, ILO UNHCR and others), the institutions of the European Union, the Council of Europe, academic circles and other NGOs.

Bice also maintains regular contacts with the Holy See missions in Geneva and in Paris. While trying to identify common points for reflection and work with other Catholic inspired NGOs, the Permanent Representation participates in the meetings of the International Catholic Centre of Geneva and of the International Catholic Centre in Cooperation with UNESCO in Paris.

An organisation at the service of children

The action of Bice amongst children is based on
the International Convention of the Rights of the Child (ICRC) which
it helped to draft an whose implementation it supports.

Bice was awarded the Human Rights Prize
of the French Republic in 1996.

For each child, a future

The International Catholic Child Bureau Charter
"Every child is born bearing the message that God
has not yet lost faith in humanity."
Rabindranath Tagore, Indian poet, Noble Prize
for literature, 1913.

Every child, in his or her own way, communicates to us both the beauty and the pain of life, reminding us at the same time of our responsibility towards them. The birth of a child is a sign of renewed hope for us all; we therefore owe them the best we have to give.
It is for this reason that Bice concentrates its efforts into promoting children's dignity and into ensuring the application of their fundamental rights, which, all too often, are still not taken seriously.

Believing in children
Affirming that children have rights
As human beings in their own right, children have fundamental and inalienable rights. A child growing into adulthood is vulnerable and should be accompanied and protected. Bice makes children aware of their personal dignity and rights. It brings this same awareness to their parents, their family, and close friends and to all those who play a part in their development, including public authorities.

Working with each child's own ‘life force'
When children and adolescents' rights are denied to them by harsh and unjust living conditions, when they do not have enough guidance, they can be helped to rediscover their self-esteem and confidence in life. Children have significant inner resources, which will emerge if they can talk to someone, be listened to with love and respect, and be protected. Bice promotes this capacity of "resilience", which enables children to rebuild their own lives.

Safeguarding all aspects of children's development
Children need to be protected, fed, cared for and taught. Their psychological well-being is also essential. Their family and community ties must be preserved. Children have a right to be carefree, a right to laughter, to smile and to play, as well as a right to a bright future. In order to fully develop and be happy, whatever their circumstances, children also need to be able to reflect on the meaning of their lives and have their spiritual potential respected. Bice's spiritual dimension encourages this respect.

Mobilising resources so that all children can live with dignity
Being involved ‘in the field' with children in need
In many places children's rights are denied to an intolerable extent: they suffer enslavement, are exploited for their labour, abandoned on the streets, exploited and sexually abused, forced into the military, imprisoned; handicapped children are also treated in inhuman ways. These kinds of situations bring gross violence and suffering to children and adolescents. In order to combat this on the ground - in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe - Bice, together with its local partners, is committed to preventing such violence and to relentlessly promoting children's rights. Active participation from children themselves is central to Bice's action.

Stimulating reflection and research on children
Bice links experience acquired in the field with scientific research on childhood, so that the two branches can learn from one another. Bice represents a space for ongoing reflection and critical thinking and shares ideas, skills and best practice through its publications, website and the training it offers.

Being a voice for children
Now, more than ever before, defending and promoting children's rights calls for concerted action on a global level. Bice campaigns with children to civil society, governments and international bodies such as United Nations agencies, the Council of Europe and European Union institutions. It brings together the expertise of many organisations committed to the service of children to become one of the initiators of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. To this day, it continuously monitors its application and evolution, together with other NGOs.

The higher interest of children
is at the heart of Bice's commitment.

Key facts
Legally a French association, Bice is an international and non-governmental organisation recognised by the Holy See, and enjoying consultative status at the United Nations. It was founded in 1948 at the instigation of Catholic organisations to provide help for children after the turmoil of the Second World War.
Bice serves all children without discrimination or proselytising, fully respecting their nationality, culture and religion. "Its goal is the full development of all children, from a Christian viewpoint, and it lobbies for the humanisation of their lives. It is especially concerned with the most deprived." (Statutes, Art. 3) Its employees must observe an approved code of conduct.
Catholic organisations working on behalf of children form a worldwide network. They are invited to join Bice, as are all organisations whether Christian or not that share its objectives.
Bice's financing is maintained with the greatest transparency by private donors, who guarantee its independence, and by public and private funding agencies.
Bice has a long-term vision for its work. Together with all who work with children,
it is constantly seeking to identify new threats and also new opportunities
available to children. In defending their dignity and their rights, Bice is helping
to build a world of justice and peace in which...

Our history

Bice was founded on 17 January 1948 in response to the call made by Pope Pius XII to assist children harmed by war, under the auspices of Cardinal Suhard and nuncio His Grace Roncalli, who later became John XXIII. At the time, Bice was a research institute with specialised committees.
From 1959 onwards, the Bice took an active role in work to prepare the Declaration on the Rights of the Child, then joined the United Nations working group to draft the International Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC).
It progressively developed field projects to defend children's rights in Africa, Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe. In these tasks it uses an innovative approach to child development, based on the capacity children have to show resilience, participate in society and be involved in their community.

At the very roots of Bice, a joint and international aspiration:
to place itself at the service of children

1979: International Year of the Child
After many long years of awareness-raising, consultation and reflection with its partners, Bice made it possible go beyond a primordial stage in the recognition of children's rights.
On its initiative, a year was devoted to children in the world and to the launching of a Draft Convention.

1986: International Year of Peace
Launched by the United Nations, the Year for peace in the world found a large echo at Bice which instigated aid programmes for children who were victims of war. The same year, in a large Congress which brought together 42 countries, Bice brought up the theme of the spiritual growth of the child. With its research on resilience, spiritual development is one of the main strands of reflection in Bice's participation in the major project of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

1989: The year of the CRC
The International Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted by the United Nations.
The 1959 Declaration of the Rights of Child was a Charter of moral principles. The Convention makes it possible to implement them. This was a real victory for Bice which participated in the Working Committees. Proof of this change in the status of the child: the New York Congress (1990) brought together leaders from all over the world to combat the difficulties of children.

Principles of action

Bice is based on a Christian anthropological vision and contributes to the circulation, training and promotion of children's and adolescent's rights along the following lines:

An original vision of children's development
Bice is fighting for the integral development of children and encourages their active involvement in their own development and that of their environment. In this perspective, Bice mobilises civil society and seeks to influence social policy in favour of the dignity and higher interests of children.

A constant struggle for and with children
In accordance with the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, BICE promotes the rights and responsibilities of children, the unconditional respect for them as people, for their family, their culture, the community to which they belong and their religion.

Long-term far-reaching action
Bice emphasises the psycho-social and spiritual needs of children: education, family environment, sense of responsibility, self-confidence and spiritual development. It is for this reason that it undertakes actions through middle and long-term projects, which guarantee continuity of achievements beyond its periods of intervention.

Three lines of action
These three principles are structured on three principal lines of action.

Research
The Bice R&D; platform develops a proactive reflection, circulates and exchanges ideas and constructive and innovative approaches.

Advocacy
Bice raises awareness and mobilises civil society, influences social policy on children and lobbies alongside other NGOs and partners to promote children's rights.

Commitment in the field
Bice develops programmes and projects in the field in its concern to integrate contributions from both research and its advocacy principles.

Bice's governing bodies

General Assembly
The General Assembly, composed of active members and ordinary members of Bice, meets once a year, on written notification by the Board and rules on the accounts, budgets, strategic guidelines, the admission of new members, the amount of the annual membership fee and the election, every three years, of a President.

Board of Administration
The Board of Administration, composed of a maximum of 12 elected persons, groups the President, the Treasurer, the administrators mandated by the active members and the Secretary General.

Bureau
The Bureau, composed of the President, two Vice Presidents, the Treasurer, the Ecclesiastical Assistant and the Secretary General, is responsible for the supervision of Bice's management and administration in the framework of the powers and guidelines defined by the Board.

Bices's Board of Administration

- Adriana Bordarampe, Comisión de Apostolado Laico y Pastoral Familiar, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Lothar Hainz *, Bice Deutschland, Lahr, Germany
- Marie-Thérèse Mulanga *, National Association of Social Educators (ANES-Congo), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
- Father Clodoveo Piazza S.J., Confêrencia Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil, Brazil
- Father Renato Poblete Ilharreborde S.J., Fundación Hogar de Christo, Santiago, Chile
- Monique Scherrer *, Bayard Presse, Paris, France
- Father Victor Zammit McKeon, Central Office Ejjew Ghandi, Valletta, Malta

Resources use

Bice action is financially supported by institutions such as the European Commission, UNICEF or governments. It also receives backing from private financial sources, be they companies, congregations and particularly private individuals.

It is thanks to each one's help that, for 60 years now, Bice has been able to maintain its long-term presence among the world's children through projects.
With a permanent concern for transparency and effectiveness in the long term, Bice makes the best use of the money entrusted to it. Even if administration is essential to manage an international organisation, Bice constantly ensures that it is limited to the strict minimum. This enables us to devote a maximum of our financial resources to operations set up for the benefit of children.

Documents to download
These few pages and downloadable documents will allow you to know more about the state of our finances. Do not hesitate to contact us if you would like any more information or explanations.

Bice, a network of members

Bice’s members form a network at the service of childhood, which together contribute to the defence and promotion of children’s rights and dignity.
This network of organisations, movements, experts… is also a place of discussion and exchange, a space for intellectual creativity, a base of resources and expertise on all questions relating to children’s rights.

A Voice to the institutions

Bice actively represents its members to national and international institutions, NGO platforms and coalitions of which it is a member.
Members are fully associated to Bice’s advocacy and lobbying on childhood.
Faithful to its mission to regroup, with an open mind, a large network of members, Bice works today, 60 years after its creation – to gather specialist, NGOs sharing its philosophy of action and actors for childhood within or in relation to local churches, services or Christian movements.

Bice’s effective Members

Bice Members

AAWAAJ

Country : Nepal
Aims and activities of the organisation :
Creating sensitizations and awareness; community support mechanisms, Child friendly spaces; educational programs; co-ordination of meetings, Advocacy and lobbying; Interaction with people from security forces, etc.

Action Catholique des Enfants / ACE

Country : France
Aims and activities of the organisation :
En club, en camp ou lors de rassemblements, par le jeu ou les discussions, les enfants évoquent ce qui fait leur vie: l'cole, la famille, les soucis, les rêves, les sujets d'actualité qui leur tiennent à coeur. Ensemble ils essayent de mieux cojmprendre et d'y donner un sens. Avec l'aide d'un animateur, ils imaginent une autre façon de vivre et d'agir.

Asociación Civil Observatoiro de Prisiones Arequipa / OPA

Country : Peru
Aims and activities of the organisation :
Apoyo a los niños institucionalizados.

Association Nationale d'Educateurs Sociaux / ANES-Congo

Country : Democratic republic of Congo
Aims and activities of the organisation :
L'ANES-Congo a pour but de contribuer à la croissance, au bien-être et surtout à la protection des droits fondamentaux des enfants en difficulté ainsi que leur famille par les actions socio-éducatives et/ou le renforcement des capacités des acteurs ciblés.

BAYARD PRESSE

Country : France
Aims and activities of the organisation :
Acteur sur le marché de la presse jeunesse, des publications religieuses, de la presse senior, Bayard est un groupe de presse, d'édition et de multimédia présent dans 18 pays. Ses publications d'inspiration chrétienne s'efforçent de répondre aux besoins spirituels et culturels des hommes d'aujourd'hui.

Bice Deutschland e.V.

Country : Germany
Aims and activities of the organisation :
Le Bice Deutschland agit en Afrique en faveur des enfants privés de leurs droits fondamentaux et bafoués dans leur dignité.

Caritas Catholica Belgica / Caritas

Country : Belgium
Aims and activities of the organisation :

Central Office "Ejjew Ghandi"

Country : Malta
Aims and activities of the organisation :
Care for the children's physical, spiritual and educational needs, complemented by services addressed at the children's emotional and psychological needs in order to ensure their balanced growth and developemnt.

Comissió de la Infància de Justicia i Pau

Country : Spain
Aims and activities of the organisation :

Community Child Based Organization / CCBO

Country : Cambodia
Aims and activities of the organisation :

Online donation form

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We thank you for your trust.

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According to French law N 78-17 of the 6th of January of 1978 concerning informatics, files and liberties (CNIL), every user who has given directly or indirectly nominative information on this website can ask for nominative information relating to him by writing to : Bice - 70 Boulevard Magenta - F - 75010 Paris and have them adjusted if necessary.

Loi Pinel

Intérêt de la loi Pinel

La loi Pinel vise à promouvoir la construction de logements dans les zones dites tendues, à soutenir les investissements locatifs et également à développer une offre de logements locatifs pour les familles qui n'ont pas accès au parc social et qui ont du mal à trouver un logement extérieur marché. Pour l'investisseur, l'avantage est double: obtenir une exonération fiscale mais aussi créer de la richesse. Un autre avantage est la possibilité de louer un logement à un membre de la famille à condition que ce tiers ne soit pas lié à l'unité fiscale du propriétaire.

Le principe de la loi Pinel est clair: un particulier peut acquérir ou construire de nouveaux logements jusqu'au 31 décembre 2021 pour bénéficier de l'exonération fiscale. En contrepartie, il s'engage à la louer nue comme résidence principale à un tiers (dont le revenu de référence fiscale ne dépasse pas un certain plafond), pour une durée d'au moins 6 ans à un prix inférieur à celui constaté sur le marché (environ 20%) . L'appareil peut être prolongé jusqu'à 9 ou 12 ans. Il est également possible de bénéficier de la loi Pinel en menant des activités professionnelles. Cela concerne les maisons anciennes qui font l'objet de travaux à transformer en maisons neuves, les maisons qui font l'objet de travaux de réhabilitation répondant aux caractéristiques de la décence et les pièces transformées en maisons.

La loi Pinel est un régime fiscal qui permet aux personnes qui investissent dans de nouvelles propriétés de réduire les impôts sur le revenu de 18% du montant de l'achat de l'appartement. Il s'agit d'une réduction directe et non d'une déduction fiscale. Cet appareil est destiné à tous les contribuables et concerne exclusivement les logements neufs (construits ou en construction) et destinés à la location. Ils sont conformes à la réglementation Duflot en vigueur: label RT 2012 ou BBC 2005.

Exonération de l'impôt foncier: conditions et réduction d'impôt
Pour en bénéficier, plusieurs conditions doivent être remplies: le logement doit être loué pour une durée minimale de neuf ans, nu et à l'usage de la maison principale.

Les loyers sont limités par secteur géographique.

La limite d'achat pour les investissements immobiliers est de 300 000 €; et limité à l'achat de deux maisons par an dans la limite de 300 000 euros.

Le prix au mètre carré de surface habitable est également limité à 5 500 €.
L'avantage est que la loi Pinel permet à l'acheteur d'économiser jusqu'à 6 000 € d'impôts par an pendant neuf ans tout en construisant des actifs transférables. Après cette période incompressible de neuf ans, le propriétaire a le droit de vendre son bien ou de continuer à le louer.

Remarque: depuis le 1er janvier 2018, les logements situés dans une zone du contrat de revitalisation du site de défense sont également concernés.

L'exonération fiscale peut donc s'élever à 12, 18 ou 21% du prix d'achat du logement, selon l'option fiscale choisie, avec la double limite d'un investissement de 300 000 euros par an et un plafond de 5 500 euros par m². De plus, la réduction d'impôt ne peut s'appliquer qu'à un maximum de deux logements par an.

Où investir en loi Pinel ?

Le programme est réservé aux zones géographiques où il y a un réel besoin et où la demande de loyer est élevée. Le logement doit être situé dans les zones A, A bis et B1. Ils sont particulièrement concernés: Paris et son agglomération, la Côte d'Azur, les Genevois, les agglomérations de plus de 250 000 habitants et les DOM. Depuis le 1er janvier 2018, les logements de la zone B2 ne sont plus concernés par la loi Pinel.

Vous pouvez connaître le zonage de votre commune en accédant au site Internet du Ministère de la cohésion territoriale.

Le plafond du loyer Pinel

Selon la région, le plafond du loyer peut varier. En 2019, le plafond est de 16,96 euros par m² pour la zone A bis, 12,59 euros pour la zone A et 10,15 euros pour la zone B1. Et enfin 8,82 euros pour la zone B2.

Bice Permanent Representation to international institutions

The Permanent Representation of Bice is based in Geneva and has the responsibility to develop and coordinate Bice's advocacy initiatives with international and European institutions. Our vocation is to work on behalf of and together with our members' and partners' network and in close cooperation with the Regional Delegations which manage Bice's presence in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe-CIS.
Catching onto the dynamism launched by Bice during the drafting of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Permanent Representation targets its action so that the promotion and the protection of the dignity and the rights of the child become a reality worldwide.
Reinforced by the credibility of the evidence and the information arising from our field projects, the Permanent Representation ensures a higher visibility to Bice's positions and forward our recommendations to the heart of the UN, its specialised agencies (UNESCO, UNICEF, ILO UNHCR and others), the institutions of the European Union, the Council of Europe, academic circles and other NGOs.
Bice also maintains regular contacts with the Holy See missions in Geneva and in Paris. While trying to identify common points for reflection and work with other Catholic inspired NGOs, the Permanent Representation participates in the meetings of the International Catholic Centre of Geneva and of the International Catholic Centre in Cooperation with UNESCO in Paris.

Geneva - Bice enjoys a consultative status with the ECOSOC (UN Economic and Social Council) and is active in the:
Committee on the Rights of the Child - so as to insure the follow-up of the Convention and its two Optional Protocols respectively on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography and children in armed conflicts, the Permanent Representation intervenes during:
- The periodic examination of States' reports on the situation of the rights of the child,
- The drafting of General Comments where observations to the main articles of the Convention are formulated,
- The Day of General Discussion where present issues related to childhood are debated.
Human Rights Council - within the UN principal organ dealing with human rights, the Permanent Representation intervenes at the level of:
- The Special procedures (Special Rapporteurs on the sale of children, human trafficking, violence against children, the right to education and others)
- The mechanism of the Universal Periodic Review,
- The Human Rights Consultative Committee, a body composed of independent experts
Bice has also founded or joined some NGOs coalitions such as:

- The NGOs Group in charge of monitoring the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child - here the Permanent Representation intervenes within several working groups especially those concerned with :
Violence against children,
Children sexually exploited,
Children deprived of their liberty,
The Human Rights Council.
- The Cultural Rights Platform - Bice co-signed the Declaration of Fribourg on Cultural Rights, a document published in 2007 at the initiative of the University of Fribourg, academics and members of civil society. Bice advocates that this set of rights of which, in the first instance the right to education, be fully recognised and implemented.

Paris - Bice enjoys the status of an NGO having operational relations with UNESCO and participates actively in the UNESCO- NGOs Programmatic Commissions on:
- Human Rights
- Dialogue between Cultures for Peace
as well as in the collective thematic Consultation on Education for All.
Bice also follows the work of the Commissions on the Elimination of Poverty and on Science and Ethics including its Sub-commission on Bioethics.

Strasbourg -Bice enjoys a participative status with the Council of Europe and attends the NGOs Groupings on:
- Human Rights
- Education and Culture.
Bice also closely follows the activities of the Program Building a Europe for and with children.

Brussels -The Permanent Representation and the Regional Delegation for Europe-CIS work on a programme to reinforce the presence of Bice within the European institutions. For this purpose, Bice has already integrated two NGOs networks:
- Euronet (European Children's Network) of which Bice is also a founder member and a member of the Board. Euronet aims at promoting the best interest of the child within the framework of EU internal policies,
- Coatnet (Christian Organisations against Trafficking in Women Net), a group of associations, which are animated by Caritas Europa, to struggle against trafficking in women.

Committee on the Rights of the Child

The Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is a body of 18 independent experts that monitors implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by its State parties. It also monitors implementation of two optional protocols to the Convention, on involvement of children in armed conflict and on sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.

All States parties are obliged to submit periodic reports to the Committee on how child rights are being implemented. States must report initially two years after acceding to the Convention and then every five years. The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of "concluding observations". The Committee also reviews additional reports, which must be submitted by States who have acceded to the two Optional Protocols to the Convention.

The Committee meets in Geneva and normally holds three sessions per year consisting of a three-week plenary and a one-week pre-sessional working group.

The Committee publishes its interpretation of the content of human rights provisions, known as general comments on thematic issues and organizes days of general discussion.

Members of the Committee

The Committee on the Rights of the Child is composed of 18 independent experts who are persons of high moral character and recognized competence in the field of human rights. Members are elected for a term of four years by State parties in accordance with article 43 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Members serve in their personal capacity and may be re-elected if nominated.

The current membership of the Committee on the Rights of the Child as of 1st March 2007 is:

What are CRC country updates?

CRC country updates provides information on the reporting status to the CRC of countries where Bice has a field presence.

CRC country updates is composed of two reports:

Periodic report
The State party report is discussed in open and public meetings of the Committee, during which both the State representatives and Committee members take the floor. States parties are requested to give information about "factors and difficulties encountered", "progress achieved", "implementation priorities" and "specific goals" for the future.

Concluding Observations

Concluding observations refer both to positive aspects of a State's implementation of the Convention and areas where the Committee recommends that further action needs to be taken. The CRC is committed to issuing concluding observations which are concrete, focused and implementable and pays increasing attention to measures to ensure effective follow-up to its concluding observations. The concluding observations usually contain the following aspects: introduction; positive aspects (including progress achieved); factors and difficulties impeding the implementation; principal subjects for concern; suggestions and recommendations addressed to the State party. They are made public on the last day of a Committee session during the adoption of the report, of which they form a part. Once adopted, they are made available to the State party concerned, and also issued as official documents of the Committee. It is assumed that concerns expressed by the Committee in its concluding observations will be addressed in a detailed manner by the State party in its next report.

General Comments

The Committee on the Rights of the Child publishes its interpretation of the content of human rights provisions, in the form of General Comments on thematic issues or its methods of work.

General Comments provide an authoritative interpretation of the rights contained in the articles and provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. They are based on the Committe on the Rights of the Child's experience in monitoring State Party reports.

The Convention does not explicitly mention general comments but Article 45 (d) allows the Committee to "make suggestions and general recommendations based on informations received pursuant to articles 44 and 45 of the Convention". Also, rule 73 of the Committee's rules of procedure affirms that the Committee may prepare General Comments.

The main purpose of the General comments is to promote implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and assist State Parties in fulfilling their reporting obligations.

THE AIM OF EDUCATION

THE ROLE OF HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTION

HIV AIDS AND THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

ADOLESCENT AND HEALTH

GENERAL MEASURES OF IMPLEMENTATION FOR THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

TREATEMENT OF UNACCOMPANIED AND SEPARATED CHILDREN OUTSIDE THEIR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN

IMPLEMENTING CHILD RIGHTS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD TO PROTECTION FROM PUNISHEMENT AND OTHER CRUEL AND DEGRADINGL FORMS OF PUNISHMENT

RIGHTS OF THE CHILD WITH DESABILITIES

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS IN JUVENILE JUSTICE

Days of General Discussion

Each year, the Committee holds a day of general discussion. The purpose of the day is to foster a deeper understanding of the contents and implications of the Convention as they relate to specific articles or topics. Representatives of Governments, UN human rights mechanisms and bodies, specialized agencies, NGOs and national human rights institutions can intervene during the public debate.
Even if they are not mentioned in the Convention on th Rights of the Child, rule 75 of the rules of procedures of the Committe on the Rights of the Child allows one or more meetings per year for a general discussion on one specific article of the convention or related subject.
The recommendations of the days of general discussion are only available in English

CHILDREN IN ARMED CONFLICT

ECONOMIC EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN

ROLE OF THE FAMILY IN THE PROMOTION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

THE GIRL CHILD

THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE

THE CHILD AND THE MEDIA

CHILD AND DISABILTIES

HIV/AIDS

10TH ANNIVERSARY GENERAL MEASURES OF IMPLEMENTATION

STATE VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN

VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN WTHIN THE FAMILY AND IN SCHOOL

THE PRIVATE SECTOR AS A SERVICE PROVIDER

THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS CHILDREN

IMPLEMENTING CHILD RIGHTS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

CHILDREN WITHOUT PARENTAL CARE

THE RIGHT OF THE CHILD TO BE HEARD

RESSOURCES FOR THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD RESPONSIBILITY OF STATES

Recherche et Développement

L'épanouissement des enfants est le repère ultime de tous les engagements du Bice, d'où notre souci d'innovation, dans nos programmes sur le terrain et plus spécifiquement dans notre unité Recherche et Développement.

L'objectif opérationnel de Recherche et Développement : inspirer les adultes qui travaillent avec des enfants.
Son originalité : donner priorité aux idées positives qui ne sont pas conçues seulement comme des réponses à des problèmes.
Son efficacité : fonctionner comme catalyseur dans un réseau de chercheurs et de personnes engagées sur le terrain, ce qui permet aussi un rayonnement loin au-delà du Bice.

L'innovation au service des enfants

Le travail du Bice en recherche et développement se concentre actuellement sur le lien entre la résilience et les droits de l'enfant.
Ces deux thèmes s'articulent avec d'autres idées transversales qui peuvent inspirer les activités du Bice, comme la participation des enfants, l'écoute, la spiritualité ou même l'humour et la philosophie avec les enfants.

L'unité de recherche et développement du Bice, située à Genève où siège le Groupe des ONG pour le suivi de la Convention Internationale relative aux Droits de l'Enfant auprès des organisations internationales, donne de nombreuses formations et conférences, réalise des publications sur l'enfance et diffuse le savoir-faire issu des échanges entre l'expérience de terrain et le travail de recherche.

La résilience au coeur de notre action...

Pour le Bice, la résilience, cette capacité à se reconstruire et à se développer en dépit des difficultés et des traumatismes vécus, met en lumière les dispositions à lutter pour la vie qu'ont les enfants et les adultes.
Les témoignages de résilience nourrissent notre conviction : la souffrance n'est pas une fatalité.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first instrument to incorporate the complete range of international human rights-including civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights as well as aspects of humanitarian law.

In 1989, world leaders decided that children deserved their own convention, because children under 18 often need a special protection and assistance. The Convention was also a way of ensuring that the world also recognised children having rights.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child sets out the rights that must be realized for children to develop their full potential, free from hunger and want, neglect and abuse. It reflects a new vision of the child. Children neither are the property of their parents nor are they helpless objects of charity. They are human beings and are the subject of their own rights. The Convention offers a vision of the child as an individual and as a member of a family and community, with rights and responsibilities appropriate to his or her age and stage of development. By recognizing children's rights in this way, the Convention firmly sets the focus on the whole child.

By accepting to honour the obligations stipulated in the Convention (by ratifying or by acceding) States voluntarily agree to defend and guarantee children's rights and to respond of these commitments before the international community. States have to realize and implement measures that take into consideration the best interests of the child.

The Convention and its acceptance by so many countries has heightened recognition of the fundamental human dignity of all children and the urgency of ensuring their well-being and development. The Convention makes clear the idea that a basic quality of life should be the right of all children, rather than a privilege enjoyed by a few.

The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

In 2000, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Optional Protocol to the CRC on sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, which became legally binding on 18 January 2002.

The Optional Protocol draws special attention to the criminalization of these serious violations of children's rights and emphasizes the importance of fostering increased public awareness and international cooperation in efforts to combat them.

The Protocol supplements the Convention by providing States with detailed requirements to end the sexual exploitation and abuse of children. It also protects children from being sold for non-sexual purposes-such as other forms of forced labour, illegal adoption and organ donation.

The Protocol provides definitions for the offences of ‘sale of children', ‘child prostitution' and ‘child pornography'. It also creates obligations on governments to criminalize and punish the activities related to these offences. It requires punishment not only for those offering or delivering children for the purposes of sexual exploitation, transfer of organs or children for profit or forced labour, but also for anyone accepting the child for these activities.

The Protocol also protects the rights and interests of child victims. Governments must provide legal and other support services to child victims. This obligation includes considering the best interests of the child in any interactions with the criminal justice system. Children must also be supported with necessary medical, psychological, logistical and financial support to aid their rehabilitation and reintegration.

A monitoring mechanism is also introduced that requires State parties to submit regular reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child detailing implementation measures.

As a complement to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, interpretation of the Optional Protocol must always be guided by the principles of non-discrimination, best interests of the child and child participation.

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflicts

In 2000, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Optional Protocol to the CRC on the involvement in armed conflicts, which entered into force on 12 February 2002.

The Protocol requires States who ratify it to "take all feasible measures" to ensure that members of their armed forces under the age of 18 do not take a direct part in hostilities.

States must also raise the minimum age for voluntary recruitment into the armed forces from 15 years but does not require a minimum age of 18. The Protocol does, however, remind States that children under 18 are entitled to special protection and so any voluntary recruitment under the age of 18 must include sufficient safeguards. It further bans compulsory recruitment below the age of 18. States parties must also take legal measures to prohibit independent armed groups from recruiting and using children under the age of 18 in conflicts.

When ratifying the Protocol, States must make a declaration regarding the age at which national armed forces will permit voluntary recruitment, as well as the steps that States will take to ensure that such recruitment is never forced or coerced.

A monitoring mechanism is also introduced that requires State parties to submit regular reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child detailing implementation measures.

The Optional Protocol must always be interpreted in light of the original treaty as a whole, in this case guided by the principles of non-discrimination, best interests of the child and child participation.
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